Geographically Maldives archipelago lies between 72° 32' 30” E 73° 45' 54” E and 7° 06' 30” N to 0° 41' 48” S, which puts her just north of the Equator and southwest of the Indian peninsular.

It is said that these coral islands were formed on top of submerged Volcanoes, which sank millions of years ago. Protective reefs safeguard these islands which are highly vulnerable to sea level rise, most of these low-lying islands are less than 2 meters above sea level, erosion is a major problem facing most of the islands and some islands erode completely while new islands come to life in the form a sand bank and hence Maldives is a true example of natures' picture perfect drawings.

The 1190 islands of the Maldives is divided into 26 Natural atolls, each atoll consists of several Islands. These islands have an outer reef which protects the islands from waves coming from the open ocean, between the island and this reef lies the crystal clear lagoons.

These massive protective reefs are very dangerous to vessels which travel between the islands, so mariners have to be very careful in travelling through Maldives; Local seamen have mastered to navigate these reefs while travelling between the islands to fulfill their daily needs.

Although the vegetation on these islands is limited this is supplemented by the riches of the seas surrounding them, these multicolored coral gardens are home to thousands of species of fish.

Coconut palms grows in abundance on all the islands, however only few other types of trees grow on the islands. Specially the salinity of the soil along the beach restricts the growth to few plants. Normally, shrubs and small hedges occupy this area.